GRW

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PRECIOUS STONES  / PAKISTAN

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Swat

Emerald, quartz and epidote

Various types of quartz are found in the region. The image shows a specimen of aquamarine and emerald on quartz from Swat valley.

Dir

Corundum and quartz

The image shows pink and purple crystals of corundum.

Mansehra

Corundum and smoky quartz

The image shows aquamarine on smokey quartz.

Kohistan

Peridot

The image shows a cluster of lime-green peridot crystals from Soppat in Kohistan.

 Peshawar District

Quartz, xenotime, and bastnaesite

Quartz from the region include Astrophyllite and Riebeckite fibers. The image shows bastnaesite crystal infused with rutile.

Mohmand Agency

Emerald, clinozoisite, sphene, and epidote

The image shows a light olive green coloured sphene (titanite) with epidote on calcite matrix.

Bajaur Agency

Emerald, garnet, and scapolite

The image shows garnet and muscovite on mica matrix.

Khyber Agency

Quartz, xenotime, and bastnaesite

Quartz found in the region include astrophyllite and reibeckite fibers. The image shows a bastnaesite crystal with reddish hue from Mulla Ghori in Khyber agency.

Waziristan

Quartz

Various types of quartz include faden quartz, diamond quartz, phantom quartz, quartz with chlorite, and window quartz. The image shows a muddy brown coloured specimen of window quartz from South Waziristan.

Region

Image

Gemstones

Notes

Chilas

Alluvial diopside, zircon, rutile quartz, aquamarine, and tourmaline

The image shows a pyramidal reddish-orange zircon crystal from Chilas.

Gilgit and Shigar

Aquamarine, topaz, emerald, ruby, pollucite, rutile quartz, morganite, apatite, spinel, and pargasite

Golden and white topaz are found in the region. The image shows rare pink apatite with albite from Nagar Valley.

Shengus, Stak Nala, and Tormiq Nala

Aquamarine, topaz, tourmaline, apatite, sphene, morganite, and quartz

Image shows deep purple apatite from Shengus.

Shigar Proper

Apatite, zoisite, rutile quartz, epidote, and morganite

The image shows pastel-pink apatite with quartz from Shigar.

Childee, Kashmal, and Yuno (Shigar valley)

Aquamarine, emerald-coloured tourmaline, apatite, morganite, topaz, and quartz

The image shows aquamarine cluster from the area.

Testun, Dassu, Net Tahirabad, and Goyungo

Topaz, aquamarine, tourmaline, morganite, apatite, quartz, and emerald

Golden coloured Topaz of high quality is found here. Rare earth minerals are also found.

Appu Aligund, Fuljo, Braldu, Bashu, and Karma

Tourmaline, aquamarine, garnets, diopside, ruby, pargasite, emerald, topaz, amethyst, scheelite, and quartz

Image shows aquamarine with schorl from Braldu valley.

Khaplu, Ghanche District

Aquamarine, amethyst, and quartz

Fine quality golden rutile quartz is found here. Image shows rare specimen of quartz with calcite and actinolite.

 

Extremely rare purple-lavender hued topaz on a matrix from Katlang in Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Balochistan

Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan by area and is covered by rough terrain and rugged mountain ranges. Major

mountain ranges of the province include Makran, Sulaiman, Toba Kakar, and Kirthar. The main gemstones that are traded in the region include emerald, apatite, sapphire, agate, tourmaline, ruby, topaz, turquoise, lapis lazuli, quartz, garnet, and peridot.

Region

Image

Gemstones

Notes

Kharan District

Brookite, anatase, and quartz

The image shows striated anatase crystals (in black), brookite blade and quartz crystals covering a feldspar matrix from Kharan.

Chaman

Quartz

Various types of quartz found are diamond, window, quartz on prehnite, and faden. Image shows translucent light sea-foam green prehnite with quartz crystals.

Taftan

Quartz and brookite

The image shows a large specimen of quartz crystals on brookite from Taftan.

Chagai

Malachite, azurite, garnet, zircon, obsidian, lapis lazuli, and brookite

The image shows fine quality brookite on quartz.

Panjgur

Auriferous quartz

The image shows quartz crystals with epidote.